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Docker is not cleaning anything

Hi,
Im currently using Docker Desktop Community edition:

  • Version 2.0.0.3 (31259)
  • Channel: stable
  • Build: 8858db3

I’m using 1 Image and 1 Container.

My Windowsfilter folder keeps growing, without cleaning. (Almost 20% of my C-Drive).

Even with these commands in powershell, no space is reclaimed:

  • docker system prune -a -f
  • docker image prune -a -f
  • PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Docker_prune.ps1
  • Total reclaimed space: 0B
  • Total reclaimed space: 0B

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32>
Anyone having an idea how to clean up the unused images/data?

Hi, I’ll bet those are volumes from all of the containers you have been running.

Run a docker volume ls command to display them.
Docker does not remove volumes when containers are stopped or removed, because it does not want to erase any persistent data. It does not know what volumes are “critical” to you.

If you don’t create volumes with “names” then Docker generates those cryptic names.
And you can run a new container and mount an existing volume.
But you would have to keep track of cryptic names.
So I recommend you create volumes with names that “make sense”,

Examples

Start some containers with un-named volumes.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container run -it --detach --name mysql1 --env MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=true  -v /vol:/var/lib mysql
8a4b3a7ab5f49e42a9f50785852458a421da2c03a58548fc3322ff3b0e8db707

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container run -it --detach --name mysql2 --env MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=true  -v /vol:/var/lib mysql
5779654bd964a6649eef870f357767e0634d5552e8d809ed4a9a60cacedbeed4

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container run -it --detach --name mysql3 --env MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=true  -v /vol:/var/lib mysql
af5360e6c1c35eeff340e46fbaff0440f67a3976dfb5d02c44311b8f9cb7eb1b

Display the volumes

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume ls
DRIVER              VOLUME NAME
local               1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
local               3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114
local               6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc

Create a volume with a name

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume create my-vol1
my-vol1

Now start a container and mount that named volume.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container run -it --detach --name mysql4 --env MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=true  -v my-vol1:/var/lib mysql
a05cde8a8e30da00270f8a4953136dbb027f24cea6d9cdf0879787b78358d012

Display the volumes

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume ls
DRIVER              VOLUME NAME
local               1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
local               3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114
local               6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc
local               1984690157f0f8b097b9878a907dcb63394f67bca0c21a64b7256b5c149566bc
local               my-vol1

Display volumes by ID only

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume ls -q
1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114
6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc
1984690157f0f8b097b9878a907dcb63394f67bca0c21a64b7256b5c149566bc
my-vol1

Try and delete all volumes. Can’t delete ones that are attached to running or stopped containers.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume rm $(docker volume ls -q)
Error response from daemon: remove 1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637: volume is in use - [5779654bd964a6649eef870f357767e0634d5552e8d809ed4a9a60cacedbeed4]
Error response from daemon: remove 3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114: volume is in use - [8a4b3a7ab5f49e42a9f50785852458a421da2c03a58548fc3322ff3b0e8db707]
Error response from daemon: remove 6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc: volume is in use - [af5360e6c1c35eeff340e46fbaff0440f67a3976dfb5d02c44311b8f9cb7eb1b]
Error response from daemon: remove 1984690157f0f8b097b9878a907dcb63394f67bca0c21a64b7256b5c149566bc: volume is in use - [a05cde8a8e30da00270f8a4953136dbb027f24cea6d9cdf0879787b78358d012]
Error response from daemon: remove my-vol1: volume is in use - [a05cde8a8e30da00270f8a4953136dbb027f24cea6d9cdf0879787b78358d012]

Hmm… how do I know which container is using this volume: 1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637?

Run a docker ps -a --filter volume=1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker ps -a --filter volume=1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                 NAMES
5779654bd964        mysql               "docker-entrypoint.s…"   3 minutes ago       Up 3 minutes        3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql2

Remove the container.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container rm -f 5779654bd964
5779654bd964

Volume is still there, but not attached to a container, the container was removed.
This is your “problem”. You have lots of "orphaned un-named volumes.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker ps -a --filter volume=1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES

Now I can remove the volume 1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume rm 1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637

Display the volume 1e67d928913b5b55f512c921b2306be0f941a8bece50c0205729d14feba1b637
It’s gone.

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker volume ls -q
3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114
6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc
1984690157f0f8b097b9878a907dcb63394f67bca0c21a64b7256b5c149566bc
my-vol1

Who is using my-vol1 ?

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker ps -a --filter volume=my-vol1
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                 NAMES
a05cde8a8e30        mysql               "docker-entrypoint.s…"   3 minutes ago       Up 3 minutes        3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql4

Display all containers

🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container ls
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                 NAMES
a05cde8a8e30        mysql               "docker-entrypoint.s…"   3 minutes ago       Up 3 minutes        3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql4
af5360e6c1c3        mysql               "docker-entrypoint.s…"   4 minutes ago       Up 4 minutes        3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql3
8a4b3a7ab5f4        mysql               "docker-entrypoint.s…"   4 minutes ago       Up 4 minutes        3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1

Remove all containers with force (removes running and stopped). Be careful, make sure you want this…


🐳  vagrant@172.16.129.75:[~] $ docker container rm -f $(docker container ls -q)
a05cde8a8e30
af5360e6c1c3
8a4b3a7ab5f4

You can also run a docker system prune --volumes to remove all volumes that are not attached to containers.
Again be careful you don’t delete volumes you want to keep.

$ docker system prune --volumes
WARNING! This will remove:
        - all stopped containers
        - all networks not used by at least one container
        - all volumes not used by at least one container
        - all dangling images
        - all dangling build cache
Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
Deleted Volumes:
1984690157f0f8b097b9878a907dcb63394f67bca0c21a64b7256b5c149566bc
3e5d4e5da3afeee04aa07cdb182ea290b58c6dda293a30b34127b93015b46114
6def49430229b45efc30552a27eafae86d5aa2d5b54302c7d871b604fba3b7bc
my-vol1

Total reclaimed space: 654.8MB

Hi Gary,
As I’m reading the complete post, the command docker system prune --volumes should be the easiest way to clean the volumes.
But when I’m running this command, docker warns me about the removal part, but I’m not getting this Question Question: Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y

The Command is running for hours without response…
image

Hi.

I’m assuming that you responded ‘Yes’ to the prompt. Docker has to check each volume to see if it’s attached and if not erase each volume (directory and contents). Can take awhile depending upon how many volumes, the size of each volume, speed of your machine and the drive.

Hi Gary,

The problem is that the script is hanging before I get this question:

Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N]

Regards,
Job