Has anyone here created a bug to track this issue? If so, where is it / has anyone identified the specific project at fault?
Yes, there’s a Github issue: https://github.com/docker/for-mac/issues/17
To set the clock I did,
docker run --privileged --rm alpine date -s "$(date -u "+%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")"
This prints the Mac’s time in UTC so that it matches UTC in the container.