Docker file integrity checksum fails consistently

We use a parallelized build tool (which uses docker-py) to concurrently build multiple images at once.

On my specific host machine, I am unable to docker save or docker push various images, because they fail with file integrity checksum failed for "parsehub/newservices/services/base_server/lib/apt/libgtk2.0/libasan2_5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.4_amd64.deb"

Docker versions attempted: 17.06.0-ce, build 02c1d87, 1.12.1, 1.12.6, 1.11.1
Operating systems attempted: Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 14.04

It seems to be a different file and Dockerfile that fails after every build, but other machines that execute the given command work correctly.

Storage drivers tried: aufs, overlay2